New Hegelian Essays

New Hegelian Essays

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The essays here in fact form one essay, a connected whole demonstrating Hegela€™s overcoming of the traditional religious dualisms, thus enabling Christian doctrine to be inserted, by a leap in interpretation, into the metaphysical tradition. This is chiefly effected via the various internal contradictions, laid bare in Hegela€™s dialectical logic, in such pairs as natural and revealed, inside and outside, nature and grace, individual and universal. An overview of this is offered in the Preface. The first essay shows how religious apologetic cannot simply hold back from this deep penetration of religiona€™s mysteries in philosophical form. The next one sets forth Hegela€™s account of revelation. We then pause for general consideration of Hegela€™s absolute idealism as the philosophical form. This leads to a comparison with Aristotelian-Thomistic epistemology. After that we change direction somewhat to investigate the driving desire behind such investigations; a little biographical colouring is called into play. Quite naturally a treatment follows of happiness in relation to rationality, continuous with the authora€™s earlier treatments of the theme of happiness. This has now set the stage for a general comparison of theology and philosophy. Which of these is being exercised here? Grace in relation to nature follows naturally as the next subject. After this there follows a kind of commentary upon Hegela€™s choice of Being and his justification for taking Being as starting-point for his Science of Logic. We then pass to consider logical relations generally and in particular Identity, which leads naturally into rational treatment of Trinity in Unity and Unity in Trinity and, after that, Incarnation, a€œSigns and Sacramentsa€ and some of the at first sight odder manifestations of piety, viewed now philosophically. This is followed by consideration of Religion in relation to both Philosophy and Freedom. To illuminate the vision yet more we end with commentaries upon Hegela€™s text, first that on a€œThe Subjective Notion as Notiona€ and why it is called that, second upon his Introduction to the third part of his Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, namely, a€œThe Philosophy of Spirita€. Porphyry called the ancient Jews a€œa nation of philosophersa€. He saw them as something more than a religious sect. The claim here a€“ Hegela€™s claim a€“ is that Christians are called to the perfection of both religion and philosophy in a a€œwisdom that comes from abovea€ as perfecting the habit of faith. Religion, Hegel said, is for all men and women, and hence children; as it might seem, philosophy is not. Yet we have in most religions a tradition of a€œmysticisma€, viewed either as an addition or, it is widely held, as the full accomplishment of the life of grace. Now there is more than an analogy between Hegela€™s speculative philosophy and speculative mysticism, just as one might say of Augustine, Anselm, Eckhart and a host of others. In harmony with this, Hegel claims that speculative reason corresponds with our most ordinary thought processes. Thus, there is no technical philosophical language. To read Hegel, therefore, he says himself, is to participate in a philosophical Gottesdienst or divine a€œservicea€; one which as wholly spiritual bypasses the apparatus, it might seem, of Church and sacraments, whether or not these be deemed necessary. To this participation the text here presented invites, as sober presentation and not merely interpretation of Hegela€™s philosophy.Or, if we take pure Being as the unity, with knowing at its highest pitch of union coinciding with its object, then in this ... in part not reconciled with beginning with being, from whatever consideration, still less with Beinga#39;s successful transition to anbsp;...

Title:New Hegelian Essays
Author: Stephen Theron
Publisher:Cambridge Scholars Publishing - 2012-03-15

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